The EB-5 program is administered by the USCIS, and allows entrepreneurs, their spouses, and unmarried children under 21 to apply for permanent residence through the Green Card. The program was created in 1990 to stimulate job creation and foreign investment in capital. Qualifiers for the EB-5 program must invest in American commercial enterprise and create or preserve 10 full-time jobs for U.S. citizens.
Unlike other visa programs, sponsorship by an employer is not required. After being certified for the Green Card, investors and previously mentioned family members are given conditional citizenship. Two years later, they can petition for the conditions to be removed. Furthermore, after 5 years of permanent residency, investors with the EB-5 Visa may qualify for U.S. Citizenship through naturalization.
Important Update: It has been announced by USCIS that $500,000 investment opportunities will end on 11/21/2019. After 11/21/2019, Regional Centers can only offer $900,000 for Targeted Employment Area (very suburban area) or $1,800,000 for most of the projects.